The on-going professional development includes a variety of best teaching practices that embrace the key shifts in mathematics. These practices are researched based and focused on increasing student performance, productivity, and engagement.
Borko (2004) establishes that professional development including an explicit focus on the subject matter can help teachers develop powerful understandings. To foster students’ conceptual understanding, teachers must have rich and flexible knowledge of the subjects they teach. In particular, they must understand the central facts and concepts of the discipline, how these ideas are connected, and the processes used to establish new knowledge and determine the validity of claims (Anderson, 1989; Ball, 1990; Borko & Puthnam, 1996)